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Equipment

Infrared Photography: Imaging in a Different Light

Published April 14, 2015

Creative Experimentation

As a photographer with an art background and an employee of a company with endless gear options, I am always looking for something to give me a fresh perspective on image making.  On our recent trip to the Wedding and Portrait Photographers International Conference+Expo (WPPI) in Las Vegas I took the opportunity to learn more about Infrared photography with the Sony A7s IR modified camera.

 

What is IR?

For those of you who are not familiar with Infrared converted cameras, they are cameras that have had the IR blocking filter replaced with an IR passing filter so the sensor can see light that your eyes cannot (700 to 1400 nm wavelengths). This can result in dramatic landscapes with dark skies and white foliage, or dreamy portraits with milky skin, but the creative possibilities are endless.

 

 

Infrared images are normally of beautiful blooming trees, blue skies, reflections on water, and generally dreamy and tranquil scenes. This is pretty much the opposite of how I would describe Las Vegas. I’ve never seen any IR photography of the city so I thought it would be an interesting time to experiment.

 

In Order: SOOC, False Color with Channel Mixing, B&W. Shot with Sony A7s (720nm)+Zeiss Loxia E 35mm f/2 Biogon. Sarah McAlexander, 2015

 

The original files will be tinged bright red or pink but this can be changed by setting a custom WB in camera. An easy way to meter is to point the camera at grass or whatever greenery you can find because it is usually a neutral area. Doing this will give you more color information to manipulate in post.

 

 

In post processing you will want to convert your files to black and white for a more natural look, or play with the color channels to get a unique false color effect. In the photos above I adjusted the color balance, switched the blue and red color channels, and then adjusted the blue and red levels. The final colors are completely up to you; there is no ‘correct’ way to process these images in post and just by playing with it you can get some pretty interesting results.

*Remember that any time this much post processing is needed it is best to shoot in RAW for more flexibility in your image.


Ideal Shooting Conditions for IR Photography

Bright Daylight is preferred simply because there is more IR light to capture. Bright sunny days yield dark skies and strong contrast. That being said, there are no hard rules and many of these shots were taken as the sun was setting.

 

 

The IR camera did not pick up on many of the screens and lights that Las Vegas is known for (since they are not emitting or reflecting much IR light) giving  many of the images a ghostly or gloomy feel. This can be a tool or a hindrance based on your own creative goals.

What I’ve Learned

There are a few things to consider before choosing an IR camera for a shoot.

For Portraits: IR photos can yield soft smooth looking skin and dreamy portraits but things like dyed hair, makeup, and certain fabrics look very different in infrared light. For example, if the subjects hair is not a natural color it can show up in the image brightly colored or white. Similar things happen with low quality fabrics. Notice the unflattering coloring on the people in the background of the photo below. In addition, the subject in the foreground was wearing a dark blue shirt and it now appears very light.

 

 

Focusing: Focusing with an IR camera will not be as accurate so be sure to use live view and manually focus to avoid front and back focusing. This will mean spending time to take shots more deliberately and being careful with snapshot or run-and-gun types of shooting.

 

 

Hotspots and Flare: These are two common problems in infrared photography.  Normally lenses have coatings on the front element and inside the barrel that help reduce issues with flaring, but they are not effective for IR shooting. Hotspots appear as blurry bright spots near the center of the image and can be avoided by using a lens that has been tested to have a compatible coating for shooting IR. There are multiple lists of infrared friendly lenses available with a quick Google search, and while we have not personally done extensive testing, we have found that Zeiss glass works particularly well. Remember to research the lens you are planning to shoot with before hand so you don’t end up with a white orb in the middle of all of your images.

Avoiding flare involves shooting carefully, reviewing often, and avoiding pointing the lens toward the sun (unless you enjoy the effect). For both hot spots and flare changing the aperture setting will help minimize the issue.

Just remember to review, review, review.

 

 

Converting a camera to an Infrared camera is a very technical process, and can quickly ruin a camera if not done correctly. For that reason, we have professionally converted cameras, and have made them available to rent directly from LensRentals. Doing this removes the risk on your end, so you’re able to still experience the world of Infrared Photography without any problems. To look through our inventory of Infrared cameras, click here.

 

This may not be a go-to camera for day to day work, but stepping outside of a normal routine can bring a new flow of creativity and better understanding of image making that can impact how you shoot in the future.

Author: Sarah McAlexander

I’m Sarah. I have a BFA in Photography from the University of Memphis. I’ve been shooting professionally for over 6 years. When I’m not working here or freelancing, I enjoy yoga and traveling.

Posted in Equipment
  • Katherine Ko

    A professional photographer introduced me to Trick Photography and Special Effects E-Book + Video Course. It helped me developed stunning shots and provides a lot of tricks and tips. It’s very enjoyable to read. You can check this site http://bestdigitalcameraoutlet.com/photographytricks/ for more information. Hope this helps.

  • William Dyer

    I’ve been shooting infrared for a while now with a converted Nikon D200 and just recently a converted Nikon 7100. Setting a white balance is important to getting the full benefit of infrared. It was easy with the D200, and so far, impossible with the D7100. So, you can use Nikon Capture NX2 to set a white balance in post if your images are shot in RAW format. Works very well. Also, flash is a good source of infrared light. I’ve used both speedlights and studio strobes for my infrared source. One thing to be mindful of when shooting people, especially nudes in infrared with flash is that you may get very visible vascularity. Veins,capilaries and arteries may be very visible through the skin. Some people will not care for this look. This seems less of an issue under sunlight, where people seem to have a more ghostly glow than veins showing.

  • Sarah

    Kevin, thanks for the comment. The A7s performed very well, though most of the time I was using a manual focusing lens. The focusing warning was a general one for anyone looking to try this type of photography for the first time.

  • “Focusing with an IR camera will not be as accurate”

    That would be true on a DSLRs that used off-sensor PDAF for autofocus but for a CDAF focusing camera (all compacts and mirrorless) the AF should work fine so long as there is sufficient IR illumination and IR contrast.

    Have you found this not to be the case with the Sony A7s?

  • Rob L

    The strength of mirrorless cameras is that they can AF with all lenses in most cases w/o adjustment – DLSRs need calibration, often by lens. Plus, it’s completely WYSIWYG.

  • adrian

    SoulNibbler, it is not a strength of mirrorless, you can compose in live view in any camera that has this feature. And DSLRs have live view before mirrorless exist…

  • SoulNibbler

    I find it interesting that the real strength of IR modding a mirrorless camera wasn’t mentioned. In that you can put visible cut filters and still compose in liveview.

  • Aaron

    Thanks for this Sarah! I’ve debated having my old Rebel XSi converted for full-spectrum and acquiring a selection of filters to choose which wavelength. I’d still love to do that, and this makes me really want to! 🙂

  • Nqina Dlamini

    Greatly enjoyed your article and images.

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