The Lensrentals Podcast Episode #8 – How Early Photographers Turned Silver Into Gold
Each week Roger Cicala, founder of Lensrentals.com, hosts conversations about the art and science of capturing images. From photography to videography, film, history, and technology, the show covers a wide range of topics to educate and inspire creators of all kinds.
How Early Photographers Turned Silver Into Gold
We’re looking at the history of photography covering 1840-1870 with David Horan, Professor of Photography and Art History at the University of Memphis. David and Roger discuss the importance of postmortem portraits, how one American president credited the carte de visite with helping him win his election and dispel some of the preconceived notions about the early days of photography.
As David Horan discusses with Roger, photography hasn’t always been a tool for creative and artistic expression. In the mid-1800s, photography tool a lot of time, and was quite an expensive endeavor, meaning it served the purpose as documentation and an alternative to having a painting made – a much more expensive ordeal. But perhaps the most difficult aspect of early photography was the time it took.
On even bright sunny days, exposures of photographs took tens of seconds, making it so the subjects had to stand completely still to capture the exposure needed – which lead to the popular photography at the style, postmortem. That’s right, to avoid having your subject move and ruin the shot, many of the photos taken in the early 1840s were done when the subject had died. Because photos were used solely for documentation at that time, postmortem photography was done as a memorial to those who had been lost.
Among the most interesting of stories David Horan shares, is how photography is credited for Lincoln’s Presidential election win in 1861. Back in 1861, there was very limited information that could be given to voters prior to an election. These were before the days of thousands of examples of voting records, 24-hour news channels, and websites laying down each and every talking point fo the political candidate. So elections were largely won by name and photo recognition. To build that recognition, Abraham Lincoln worked with New York City photographer Mathew Brady to create a photo that would later go on to be iconic in American History, and be used as the basis for Lincoln’s portrait on the five-dollar bill.
Many of these types of photographs were created using a unique technique known as the daguerreotype technique. As David Horan discusses, this technique would later allow for multiple exposures to be taken in conjunction, allowing for multiple photographs to be taken at once.
Spotlight on Naima
Aiesha Overton who goes by Naima is a Fulfillment Associate who spends her days at work making sure the gear sent to customers is spotless and clean. Naima is an artist who uses spray paint, stencils, and acrylics to create murals and enjoys putting together interactive experiences.
00:30 – Introduction of David Horan, Professor of Photography and Art History at the University of Memphis
01:00 – Starting at the beginning of Photography (1840 – 1865)
01:45 – What are they paying for in the introduction of photography
03:00 – How postmortem was a standard within photography, due to the need for long exposures
03:45 – How photography was able to give context to ancestorial history
4:30 – Even with great lighting, portraits would often take tens of seconds to capture the photo
06:25 – Studios often needed large skylights and blue glass to get proper exposure on their photographs
08:00 – How André-Adolphe-Eugène Disdéri built multi-lens cameras to get multiple exposures of various poses, putting photos onto cards
09:30 – How Lincoln was able to win an election through the use of photography and photographer Matthew Brady
12:00 – BREAK
15:45 – Discussing the ways they were able to create multiple prints on early cameras
17:00 – How photography started the cult of personality mentality and self-promotion
19:50 – Discussing how photography transformed into an artistic expression, and not just for documentary purposes
22:00 – How Peter Henry Emerson was using photography both as a scientific tool as well as an artistic expression
The Lensrentals Podcast is hosted by Roger Cicala. Our sound engineers are Ryan Hill and Julian Harper. Our other regular contributors include: Sarah McAlexander, Joey Miller, John Tucker, Drew Cicala, and SJ Smith. Our theme was composed by Jacques Granger. You can find more of his work here and here.
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