Can You Tell the Difference Between the Leica M10 and Leica M10 Monochrom?

Published June 3, 2022

Leica is perhaps, the one camera brand over any others that are willing to push the bounds within the camera market. While not all of their ideas are a hit – the LCD Screenless Leica M10-D comes to mind – it’s certainly worth commending a brand that is willing to do something different and think outside the box. From wicked fast lenses like the 50mm Noctilux to their medium format behemoth Leica S3, Leica has done a lot to give photographers a unique experience in the photography world.

It’s easy for a pragmatic person like myself to write a brand like Leica off. For me, the price of their systems is unrealistic, and their lack of many key features on their flagships, such as autofocus, makes it easy to write off as a professional camera for a working photographer. Still, their harkening to the film era rangefinder design is beautiful from an aesthetic standpoint, and their lens options, both optically and in features, are something that would have any photographer’s ears perk up. And so, I decided I’d do an investigation into Leica’s most polarizing lineup of cameras – the Monochrom series.

The Monochrom series is a sensor option available to a few of their systems that swaps the traditional CMOS sensor with a newly designed sensor with no color filter array – meaning all of the images are in black and white from the moment their captured. Leica claims this specialized sensor gives an “unprecedented depiction of even the finest details”, while also offering superior contrast in the images. To my knowledge, no one has ever formally disputed these claims, and so I decided I wanted to do a test with this in mind, and see if our readers can tell the difference between the Leica M10, and the Leica M10 Monochrom.

Leica M10 vs. Leica M10 Monochrom

Designwise, there is little difference between these two systems. Visually, the only visual difference between one and the other is the blacked-out logos and text on the Leica M10 Monochrom. Both cameras are made of magnesium alloy and have incredibly robust and industrial feeling in the hands – a design element you’d expect from their German heritage. But visuals aside, the only difference between the Leica M10 and Leica M10 Monochrom is the sensor – with the former offering a 24-megapixel full-frame sensor, and the latter, a 40 megapixel black and white full-frame sensor. The remaining difference is the price, with the Leica M10 Monochrom being quite a bit more expensive than its color-capturing sibling.

So, I took these cameras, along with the beloved Leica 50mm f/1.4 Summilux ASPH to capture photos of something that in no way should be in black and white – flowers at the iconic Huntington Library here in Los Angeles. The photos below are JPEGs that came straight out of the camera, with the Leica M10 set to its black and white setting. No editing was done on these images, aside from resizing for web – we’re looking just at the baseline of each camera. Below you can right-click, and open the images in a new window to get a higher resolution preview of each image, followed by a quiz to see if you can tell the difference between the Leica M10 and the Leica M10 Monochrom.

The Quiz

Final Thoughts

The goal of this piece isn’t to give my perspective, but to offer example photos of each camera system, and let the readers jump to their conclusions. But if I were to interject my opinion, do I think the Leica M10 Monochrom is worth it? Definitely not (at least to own). The image quality from the camera is stellar, and while I had both cameras for a week, I found myself using the Monochrom variant way more often than the Leica M10. In fact, I found it fairly easy to pick out which camera was which, based purely on the dynamic range and overall contrast in the images. But the practical photographer in me just can’t find a use for a camera that shoots exclusively in black and white, especially when the results can be reasonably mimicked with some clever black and white conversion in Capture One or Lightroom.

Author: Zach Sutton

I’m Zach and I’m the editor and a frequent writer here at I’m also a commercial beauty photographer in Los Angeles, CA, and offer educational workshops on photography and lighting all over North America.
Posted in Equipment
  • modulusshift

    I was pretty sure I could tell the two cameras apart, but wasn’t sure which one was the Monochrom. I guessed and only missed one picture…from scoring 0% haha, so I guessed wrong. But at least I was able to identify the camera consistently, the only one I missed was the first, which I was unsure about at the time.

    but uh, yeah, now that I know which one’s the Monochrom? I think it needs to rein in the highlights just a bit. Maybe the files have a little more to work with.

  • disqus_XN9vf0ShQK

    100% here, on a first try.

    The M10 Monochrom certainly “shines” – if blown highlights are your thing 😉

  • walter beagley

    I got all but one based on the idea that Monochrom images will often have brighter highlights. I would hope that they also have higher resolution

  • Vincent Lopes

    I got 86% correct. I recently purchased and started using an M10. I based my guesses on what I thought had the most film-like rendering: contrast, etc. Mostly it was a going with my gut feeling.

  • James Sarrett

    I got everyone I was sure about exactly wrong. So that means there’s an easy difference, but apparently it’s the opposite of what I expected. Fun!

  • David Chatenay

    I don’t have Leica money, so I had a Sony A7 III modified to monochrome (removed the Bayer and AA filters, just an IR filter) by monochromeimaging[.]com. I will say the IQ is heads and shoulders above the color version (same sensor!). I was skeptical at first but the pictures feel a lot more “natural” than any B&W post-process of color photos, with a lot more details. Shooting B&W is different though, I’m still (re-)learning photography. Anyway now I carry two cameras everywhere.

  • Fiske

    I also missed the first two and got the rest. I feel like 71 should be a pass, though just barely.

  • Your photos don’t present well the main quality of the Monochrom.
    It’s all about the grain. Compare images at 50 000 ISO and you’ll see.
    The Monochrom is the only camera I know, which displays analog looking grain.
    Color sensor break apart above 6400 when Monochrom shines in ranges you would never imagine possible.

    I’ve waited for the M10 version to go in high ISO.
    Also, you need to be more careful with your highlights. It’s not forgiving at all. On the other hand, you can pull so much information from the shadows.

    IMO you need more time with this camera.
    It’s not for everybody and takes a while to use it at full throttle.

  • NewYorkCentral

    Shockingly, I only got two of the five right. I think I wasn’t prepared for how much like a black and white film the monochrom’s response is.

  • Roger Knight

    I scored low, possibly because I voted on my preference for overall IQ. I found it sometimes difficult to tell whether or not prints would show blown-out highlights or muddy shadow detail. Maybe I’m a plebian, I preferred the M10 images on my PC.

  • TheCricketer

    0%! Clearly the finer points of the M10 Monochrom are wasted on me.

  • Stanislaw Zolczynski

    There`s one significant advantage of shooting monochrome in color mode. Ability to adjust color channels to the lever unobtainable with classic color filters.

  • For me, an important comparison would be a Monochrom with a red filter on the lens and the equivalently processed picture from a color camera. I’d expect the Monochrom’s advantage to be more pronounced in that situation. Even so, the results I can get with a color camera are more than adequate for most purposes.

  • Guillermo Luijk

    You scored 86%!
    This means you passed the quiz.

  • Supreme Dalek

    Two rejoinders that make any attempt at objective Leica discussion useless:

    — “You can’t see the difference because you’re a peasant,” usually disguised in the form of “I’ve owned Leicas since 19xx and currently have the ______ and ______ Special Editions, and I scored 6 out of 7 on your test, so there.”

    — “It’s an ineffable and unquantifiable difference, but it’s still there,” AKA “here, drink this Red Dot Kool-Ade and you’ll get it.”

    Not that I’m any more rational than those people: I actually own, use, and enjoy a Pixii!

  • Andreas Werle

    Ok, i scored 71% (5 of 7). I missed the first two photos and i am sure, that it is difficult to tell the difference in these two photos. But the rest were quite easy to distinguish. I would BTW prefer the “Monochrome look” in these examples and i think it will be even more visible when looking at the RAW-Files and in large prints.
    Greetings from Frankfurt am Main – Andreas

  • I started shooting with Leica in 1968. I’ve had my current M3 for 40 years. When the M8 was introduced, I considered buying it, but between the cost and the problems I deferred. Since then I looked at the M9 and M10. I could afford them but not justify them, so I went Canon 5D.

    I now shoot Fuji. I find their film simulations wonderful, including the Acros simulation. I can get great looking monochromes straight out of camera. I shoot RAW + JPEG so if I need to do some post processing I have the ability.

    There’s no question the M10 monochrome, which I have tested creates great looking B&W images. For my needs, though, I can get almost there with Fuji at a fraction of the cost.

    Zach, I see you are based in Los Angeles. I’m a grad of Art Center College of Design with a BFA in photography and a minor in film.

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