Is Sony Going to be the Digital Kodak?
My mind is a strange and dangerous place. I shouldn’t go in there alone after dark. But the other night I was thinking, just me and myself, about all the new camera releases this year.
Which has made the biggest impact? Is it the Canon 5D III with that world-class autofocus system? The Olympus OM-D that has brought mirrorless cameras up a notch in image quality and usability? Should I mention the excellent Samsung NX20 just because no one knows it’s really good? Should I give the Fuji X-Pro an award for best concept most poorly carried out? Consider the Sony NEX-7 for putting full-frame resolution on an APS-C sensor?
So, yeah, I was going to give all those cameras a fair trial and then, of course, decide that the Nikon D800E would win with its one-two punch of highest resolution 35mm sensor ever and gutsy reduced-AA-filter decision. After all, you know me. I’m all about resolution. Even more than just resolution, though, every analysis of the D800E shows amazing dynamic range, low noise, you name it (1, 2). No question, it’s a landmark camera.
But then I got to thinking. (I hate when that happens, but sometimes I can’t help it.) Isn’t the D800E mostly about the sensor? So is it Nikon or Sony (or both) that deserves the credit?
We’ll pause here for a second to let the Nikon Fanboys gear up and send for some villagers with torches and pitchforks.
While we’re waiting, perhaps you’d like to use the internet and search for how many CMOS patents Nikon has registered during the last few years.
Nikon makes and designs some of their CMOS sensors and all of their signal-processing and image-processing chips. But Nikon does not have many CMOS sensor patents. Sony has lots. In fact, they’ve registered 64 CMOS patents (3), just in the last year—far more than any other company. And the Exmor patents that seem to be the driving force behind a number of cameras are all Sony’s.
This isn’t bashing Nikon. They make a great camera and they’re smart enough to put a great sensor in it. I doubt they designed the cloth the camera strap is made out of either. They chose it because they thought it was the best cloth; they didn’t have to open up a weaving plant to get it. They chose the sensor in the D800Es the same way, by designing the processing chips and circuitry around it, then the camera that houses it.
It turns out that another of my “great change” cameras has a Sony sensor inside: the Olympus OM-D.
The newer Pentax K cameras I’ve read rave reviews about (I haven’t had the pleasure of shooting one myself) have Sony sensors in them apparently, instead of the Samsung sensors used in previous Pentax cameras. And I guess it’s obvious the NEX-7 uses a Sony sensor.
What do you mean by digital Kodak?
I mean this in a positive way. We tend lately to think of companies “going Kodak” as a bad thing: riding a cash cow into bankruptcy while short-sighted managers ignore new technology that’s taking away your market.
We forget, though, that for nearly three generations Kodak was the photography company. They were cutting-edge. First developing dry plates and then film, Kodak released “consumer” cameras that brought photography to the masses and made everyone’s prints. They dominated the photographic and movie industries for nearly 100 years.
They were a camera manufacturer, of course, but that was really just a side business. Even if your camera wasn’t a Kodak, chances were that you made your images on Kodak film and developed them using Kodak processes.
Kodak made all of the prints, first using their paper in enlargers then eventually in automated machines in camera shops and drug stores. Whoever sold you a camera made a bit of money, of course. One time. Then you paid Kodak over and over again, as they sold you film and made you prints.
It was a great business model, and Kodak was printing money. Literally.
During the Great Depression Kodak bankrolled the city of Rochester, N.Y., allowing it to issue its own “scrip” that could be spent just like dollars anywhere in the city. It was said the depression never came to Rochester, largely because Kodak continued to grow and do well during that time.
Many older film photographers remember Fujifilm as a viable Kodak competitor. They were, starting in the 1980s, but Kodak had already been around 100 years by then.
Up until that time Kodak sold 90 percent of the world’s film (6). Few people today really appreciate how huge Kodak was (partly because Kodak was rather secretive about how huge they were, back in the day).
At one time Kodak employed 60,000 people—just in Rochester, N.Y. (7). To put that in some perspective, FedEx is by far the largest employer in my hometown of Memphis, Tenn., where they employ 30,000 people.
OK, we get the film-sensor analogy. It’s kind of weak.
Yeah, I guess it is. Sensors are processed by chips in the camera or programs on your computer. Sometimes they are printed.
It’s not like the days when every roll of Kodak film got sent through baths of Kodak developer to be printed on Kodak machines. (Man, was that a great business or what? No wonder they got a bit arrogant.)
But like the days when lots of different cameras had Kodak film inside, lots of different cameras today have Sony’s CMOS chips inside (like higher-end Nikon cameras, the Olympus OM-D, and, of course, Sony’s cameras.) Even the cameras in iPhones (8) and many other cell phones have Sony CMOS chips.
Oh, and not to mention the Sony sensors in a number of point-and-shoot cameras, Sony and otherwise. Not to mention video cameras. Or security cameras. You get the idea.
In 2010, Sony accounted for 33 percent of the world’s imaging-sensor sales (both CMOS and CCD). In 2011, it was 37.3 percent. Canon is a distant second with 12 percent. Samsung, at 11 percent is the only other manufacturer with over 10 percent of the market (9).
And Sony has just invested a billion dollars to increase capacity in their Nagasaki plant to 60,000 wafers a month (10).
It’s not just quantity; it also appears that Sony has a quality leap over most other CMOS manufacturers. FWIW, DxO Mark shows 13 cameras brought out in the last two years that have Dynamic Range of more than 13 EVs.
Four are Sony cameras, two are Pentax cameras using Sony sensors, and six are Nikon cameras. Of the six Nikons, four (D800, D800E, D7000 and D5100) are known to use Sony sensors. The other two are the D4 and D3200, which I’m not certain about.
Maybe a better analogy would have been the old “Intel Inside” campaigns in PCs back in the day. If Sony keeps it up, we may see camera brands bragging about having a Sony sensor inside, instead of just letting it slip out in a meeting or press conference or having websites X-ray the sensors to find the brand (11).
Or maybe not. It’s the camera business after all, and today’s unsurpassable technology is tomorrow’s also-ran.
So what’s the significance?
Heck, I don’t know. I do know competition is a good thing. And if we have lots of camera manufacturers able to get excellent imaging sensors to design their cameras around, that’s got to be good.
Plus I’m sure that Canon, Samsung, Panasonic and the other imaging chipmakers are paying attention and trying to stay ahead of the curve.
I’m not too concerned that Sony will suddenly cut other camera manufacturers off from their chips; they’ve obviously invested a lot of money in making them so they need to keep selling them.
Maybe they’ll cut some deals, like “we’ll supply the chips for your new camera , if you add our new memory card format to it.” Something like that.
What would be very cool, I think, is a deal like “we’ll supply the chips for your camera, if you supply us some good lens designs for our NEX cameras.” It would be a win-win.
Like one of my bosses told me when I told him I was quitting to take another job: “I think it’s great that you’re leaving us to go work for them. It will improve the average IQ in both places.”
Author: Roger Cicala
I’m Roger and I am the founder of Lensrentals.com. Hailed as one of the optic nerds here, I enjoy shooting collimated light through 30X microscope objectives in my spare time. When I do take real pictures I like using something different: a Medium format, or Pentax K1, or a Sony RX1R.